“Waltz with Bashir” Banned in Lebanon

Ari Folman
Ari Folman

With the publication of the  new graphic novel adaptation of Ari Folman’s, “Waltz with Bashir,( see below for the graphic pages), it is interesting to remember that despite the interdiction to screen the movie in Lebanon the opposite occured…” just a week ago was the animated movie  given its first underground screening in Lebanon — not far, in fact, from Hezbollah headquarters in southern Beirut — though the film is officially banned in that country. It has also been screened in Palestinian Ramallah and is reportedly soon to be shown in the Arab Gulf states.”… see  here.

Menassat.com , a Lebanese website focusing on news trends and events reports :

…”Whether Waltz With Bashir wins the Oscar for Foreign Film or not, audiences in Lebanon—the subject of the film—will not get to see it on the big screen. Like all Israeli products, Ari Folman’s film is banned in Lebanon. Except, that is, for a few lucky people in Beirut last Saturday”…

…”Mitri,  (Lebanese Information Minister) who says he opposes censorship, admitted to Agence France-Presse that “the ban is absurd because you can download it on YouTube.”

“We need to abolish that law so that we can see films like this and any other films and then, if you abolish the censorship law we have, then whoever is harmed can take the matter to court,” Mitri said”…

The Menassat interviewer asked Monica Burgmann, who run UMAM and the private screening of Walts with Bashir:  how did people react to the movie?

BURGMANN: “When the movie was over there was total silence. There was not even a discussion. But I noticed that the film touched many people. Some even had tears in their eyes. One person told me, ‘I envy this Israeli filmmaker because he was able to document a history us Lebanese, should have documented.’

Another question was…” Do you really think that the ban is because of the boycott of Israeli goods? Or are there other reasons, such as preventing sectarian clashes? ”

BURGMANN: “I think the Lebanese civil war is taboo. I also think that there is not enough effort to document the Lebanese history. They use sectarian clashes as an excuse… Can’t they see that looking into our past can really prevent us from making the same mistakes twice?”

For the full article see here. More can be see here On Ya Libnan, (‘Waltz with Bashir’ film copies in Beirut despite ban).

With the release of the graphic novel, here is an excerpt of the interview by Liel Leibovitz with David Polonsky, the artist behind the  novel, telling his part of the story, I quote:


David Polonsky
David Polonsky

“In film,” he said, “you, the artist, have the audience in your hands. You control the flow of time. In comics, the reader holds you in his hands, and he controls time. Another difference is that the film appeals more to the heart, while the book appeals more to the mind, because the reader is expected to use his imagination much more. So the book, I think, is more suitable to convey the information, to tell the story in details, and the film has more of an emotional impact. I think people cry in the end of the film, and I don’t expect anyone to shed tears after reading the novel.”


Waltz with Bashir
The graphic novel: Waltz with Bashir

The discrepancies between the two media became immediately clear to him when, following the film’s success, he began to adapt his original artwork into graphic novel form.

“The drawings were all made especially for the film,” he said. “We did not originally think of turning it into a graphic novel. The book, then, turned out to be much more of a learning experience for me. I learned a lot about the medium of comics. The main thing I hope I gained as an artist is the ability to give up a strong image in favor of a strong story line: I already had the drawings, the building blocks, but the goal of the book was to convey the story as a whole, and I sometimes had to let go of beautiful artwork in favor of the narrative. For me, that’s a very important lesson.”….

…”Still, he added, two rules guided him as he created the often surreal world of Waltz with Bashir.

“The first guideline,” he said, “was to create a feeling of authenticity. There’s an emphasis on the feeling, because, for all of the reasons we just discussed, like the fact that I wasn’t there, you can’t create something that is truly authentic. The second guideline, put simply, is compassion. I wanted to draw people, not caricatures. I wanted to try and load up everything—the cars, the people, the animals—with a real sense of existence.”…for the full interview see here.

Tomdispatch.com released, in two parts, pages from the graphic novel adaptation of  “Waltz with Bashir”. Here are 6 beautiful pages  from he graphic novel.







For more pages see here, (part 1 release) and  here,( part 2 release) on Tomdispatch.com .

Hassan Nasrallah and the Barbies

 Nasrallah, barbies and the Lebanese artist and filmmaker Jocelyne Saab together, are a good explosive mixture to blow up her own exhibition. To see what’s it al about look first at  the main explosive culprit, the picture titled “”American-Israeli playground”:

American-Israeli playground
American-Israeli playground

 And here is the story, I quote, ..” The exhibition “Sense,  and Sensibility”, her first photograph exhibition, opened at an art gallery in downtown Beirut. It wasn’t long she had toasted the opening  that problems began to arise. The exhibit illustrates Eastern and Western concepts and Arab perceptions of the West in a catchy, and to some quite kitschy or even distasteful way.”, see here.


The morning after the exhibit opened, last week, November 6-2008, at Beirut’s Planet Discovery, an event attended by over 200 people, including diplomats and representatives from Lebanon’s Ministry of Culture, the venue owner demanded that the artist remove images thought too provocative.

 “Sense, Icons and Sensibility”
“Sense, Icons and Sensibility”

The image that sparked most controversy, Saab’s spokesperson Nasri Sayegh said, was a photo titled “American-Israeli playground”, which shows Christ on a crucifix surrounded by photos of Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah and undressed Barbie dolls in the background.

 Saab’s spokesperson continue, I quote…”Several photos at an exhibit by Lebanese filmmaker Jocelyne Saab have been removed because they were considered too controversial by the owner of the exhibition space. ‘Fear is the worst kind of censorship,’ “, see here.

Jocelyne Saab, the artist, called her exhibits …”neo-pop art: Digital photographs illustrating ideas of the East, the West and globalization with striking images of lurid commercial detritus. Not only does Barbie run – sometimes bare-breasted, sometimes fully veiled – through the images, she is joined by political and religious memorabilia depicting Hassan Nasrallah and Jesus Christ.”…see here.

Lebanese artist and filmmaker Jocelyne Saab
Lebanese artist and filmmaker Jocelyne Saab

 In an interview with AFP she explained that …””I wasn’t looking to provoke or shock anyone. … This piece symbolizes a cemetery and says that Americans and Israelis use us as a playground. It is a call for us to be vigilant and to cohabitate rather than a call to divide and insult.”…see here.
The website Now Lebanon has called on the country’s Ministry of Culture to step in and reinstate Saab’s photos, see here.


BTW, in Israel, Jewish fundamentalist ultra orthodox Haredims, banned the picture of Kadimah leader and FM Tzipi Livni from their newspaper because she is a women. I quote, …” ‘Graphic artists will blur the faces of women that do make their way into pictures that the papers want to use. ‘They will also blur pictures of television sets or other..”,  see here. So, here is the same “Barbie” mixture: put together Tzipi Livni a secular women and an orthodox jewish newspapers, and the result is a religious censhorship on a perhaps future prime minister of Israel….The middle age blurred by Photoshop..



Israel, Lebanon, Palestine phone calling

In the Gaza strip Hamas is banning anything interfering with his grip on the local media. But Lebanon is now lifting a ban on phone calls from Lebanon to Palestine.
 …”There is a famous Lebanese song by the singer Sabah that goes: “Hello, hello, hello, Beirut? Please, dear, get me Beirut, and hurry up please!”
[today]…many Palestinians in Lebanon have been putting new words to the old tune in the past few days: “Hello, hello, hello, Palestine? Please dear, get me Palestine, and hurry up please!”…
Qlick here to hear the song
The reason is that the Lebanese government has officially lifted the ban on calls to the 970 country code this week, making it possible for Palestinian refugees in Lebanon to call their relatives in historic Palestine for the first time in decades.
‘I am thrilled with the news, but I cannot help feeling bad about all the years I spent in Beirut without being able to contact my family and relatives who are still in Palestine,’ Imad said.’Still, better late than never.’
The 970 country code was established in 1993 and was issued to the Palestinian Authority which at the time was in control of both the West Bank and Gaza.
Since then, the Islamic Hamas party has taken control of the Gaza Strip, while President Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah party controls the West Bank. But the Hamas-Fatah split has apparently not affected the phone network.
Now that Lebanon has lifted the ban, Syria is the only remaining country that doesn’t allow phone calls to the 970 country-code.”…see here.
And where is the Israeli connection?
 …”Debsy, [Hisham Debsy, media adviser for the PLO embassy in Lebanon], bristled when asked about the possibility of security breaches in the telecommunications network now that the lines are reopened. “You have to refer to the Lebanese government for this answer. Israel did not wait for the lines to reopen in order to hack into Lebanese land lines and mobile phones,” he said. Indeed, even if it was impossible to call Israel/Palestine from Lebanon, it has always been possible to call Lebanon from Israel/Palestine.”  see here.
Now, perhaps in the near future, we will hear a new song by the singer Sabah, from Syria to Israel… “Hello, hello, hello, Israel? Please dear, get me Israel, and hurry up please!”…

Aderet, Israeli Transsexual Singer, awarded ’12 Points’ by Lebanon

More often than we think, new connections between Jewish, Israeli and Arab people, create their own unique interferencing waves, reverberating in their own space and leave the Israeli Arabic conflict behind them. Look at the Israeli Transsexual singer Aderet on top of the Lebanese song chart, (Jun 27, 2008).
Who is Aderet? Is she the new Dana International. I don’t know. Is she a good singer? Well her trance song Say No More raging on top of the famous Beirut Nights radio station, indicate that many people in Lebanon and among the Lebanese diaspora like her hypnotic rythms.

 What is the magic a broadcaster in Beirut pick out an Israeli song to air for a Lebanese audience?
 Well first of all chance  “We found out they were playing my music by chance,” the 32-year-old Aderet said on Wednesday.”  But chance has to be consolidated, so:  ” Aderet’s management sent..’Say No More’ the lead single off her first English-language album, Jewish Girl, along with a remix by DJ Dvir Halevi to the Lebanese station.”… 
…” ‘They added the remix to the playlist and a few days later, it was at the top of the most played list’ said Aderet, ‘They know I’m an Israeli singer, and that it’s an Israeli song.’ She continued, ‘It feels great, it’s a big honor for me and makes me so happy that they let a 100 percent Israeli song to be played and to top their playlist without letting politics interfere.’ ” see here.

Sami,  a representative of Beirut Nights, says “We grew up in Beirut listening to Ofra Haza and Ishtar Alabina. We play Aderet, but also Dana International, Sarit Hadad, and DJs Yahel and Ofer Nissim. It’s not a policy because there is no policy, it is just music. You shouldn’t make a big deal about it, because it might hurt us since we are surrounded by fanatics who ultimately have no place in Lebanon.”…, see here

 And the past is always present,  remembering when the ‘fanatics’ where the Lebanese authorities, pulling Lebanon out from the 2005 Eurovision song contest because of Israel’s participation, and preventing the participation of their own talented singer Aline Lahoud with her song Quand tout s’enfui“, see here.

In our era of ‘King Internet’, the very nature of his infrastructure, permits a new musical hide and seek game of crossing and re-crossing the Israeli Lebanon’s ether border: each radio station has the possibility to make his own ‘Eurovision’ song contest.

So the conclusion should be, let the the singers sing their songs, while their fans and their audience gather under the overall protection of ‘King Internet’ . Under his auspice, two weeks ago, the Israeli trance singer Aderet was awarded ’12 points’ by Lebanon.

Pictures from Beirut Fighting

The text is quoted from the Israeli “haaretz” newspaper.

…”Lebanese army moves into W. Beirut after Hezbollah takeover  17:38 09/05/2008   Lebanese troops began taking up positions in some Sunni neighborhoods abandoned by the pro-government groups and taken over by Hezbollah and its allies. The army, though, did not intervene in the clashes, which had largely tapered off into sporadic gunfire by early afternoon. Some of the gunfire was celebratory in the air by the militants”… see more

Here are from pictures from the fighting.

I extracted the pictures from the TV news of the Israeli channel 10 at 17.00 today.

The text is quoted from the Israeli “haaretz” newspaper.

…”The clashes are the latest turn in a test of wills between the Hezbollah-led opposition and the government of Prime Minister Fuad Saniora. The U.S.-backed government has only a slim majority in parliament, and the two sides have been locked in a 17-month power struggle that has kept government at a standstill.

The fight could have implications for the entire Middle East at a time when Sunni-Shi’ite tensions are high. The tensions are fueled in part by the rivalry between predominantly Shiite Iran, which sponsors Hezbollah, and Sunni Arab countries like Saudi Arabia and Egypt.”…see here 


Citizen journalism in Lebanon and Bread in Egypt

Some Middle East Arab countries, despite being in a most censored region of the world, try to join by all means, the cohorts of bloggers, social nets and now,  Citizen Journalism, I quote,..

..”Citizen journalism initiative launched in Lebanon.” (10.04.2008) 

The first alternative online publication in the Arab world has been launched in Lebanon, according to the Menassat Web site. The “e-newspaper,” called Jaridtak, meaning “your newspaper,” is directed at Arabic-speakers throughout the world and to the world at large through English- and French-language Web sites,”.. see here.Jaridtak, meaning ,,your newspaper-6

See here Jaridtak translated in English

“Meet your newspaper” is an interview   with Jaridtak founder Maya Rahhal, published in Menassat (literally means “platforms” in Arabic) , I quote,…

……”Jaridtak (Your newspaper) is the first Arabic-language experiment with citizen e-journalism; it is entirely written by its readers.Maya Rahal (Maya Rahhal). ..”M.R. : ‘No newspaper today reflects the opinion of the impartial citizen’ “…”MENASSAT: What kind of subjects will Jaridtak tackle? M.R.: We want to stay away from politics. The subjects are social, concerning every person, away from politics. However, this doesn’t mean that we won’t publish political articles. We study the real interest of the citizen. For instance, the most popular article today is about the first lady of France, Carla Bruni.”… see moreCarla Bruni2


‘Menassat’ ,the host site of the above interview, in the article ” From Beirut with love” issued a statement by his editorial team, highlighting the fears of censoring, and pointing to their common dilemmas as to how and what to publish, I quote:


..”Please allow us to introduce ourselves. We’re a brand-new website with a network of correspondents throughout the Arab world. Our modest mission: to defend press freedom and freedom of expression wherever we can find it. “..Sure enough, there is censorship in Lebanon. Somewhere in the towering General Security building in Beirut .. is a man with a black marker who routinely crosses out any mention of Israel in foreign publications. (Esteez, if you are reading this: we would love to interview you some day.) There is also a special unit whose job it is to attend every single theater premiere. (The Lebanese know never to go to the premiere – it is the toned-down version for the state censors.) But that’s about it for censorship in Lebanon. It is the reason why we are building the Menassat.com website here and not in, say, Damascus – where we would surely be shut down -, or in Baghdad – where we would likely be shot down,  see more.

A good example of the Internet’s irreducible essence is exemplified  by the “Bread Crisis” in Egypt .  Menassat brings her story of the riots in:  “Revenge of the art_egypt_bread_ap pyjamahedeen” (By John Ehab in Cairo and Alexandra Sandels in Beirut), and in some sense shows how a cyber guerrilla works..”In the old days when you wanted to suppress a general strike you just sent in the troops to crack some heads. Nowadays, Egypt’s security forces are facing an army of Internet-savvy activists using Twitter, Facebook, text messaging and blogging as their weapons.”..

And another  quote, ..”  Egypt’s outspoken bloggers constitute one of the most active blogging communities in the Arab world and their online activism has become a constant pain for the authorities. Waging war on the regime from their bedrooms, they sometimes proudly refer to themselves as the “pyjamahedeen.” for the full interesting article see here.  And finally, good news  for the contributors of  the Libanian citizen journal ‘Jaridtak’ will be, if they upload theirs articles  without too much censorship .

I published this story on NowPublic and add here the comments by  NowPublic editors and contributing members.
good stuff:korzac, I like this story. It’s good stuff. Very interesting!

amyjudd, thanks for the comment and the GS.

Great to see these initiatives taking hold in the Middle East.

Rachel, thanks for the comment.

BTW, there is a Citizen Journal in Israel…here http://www.scoop.co.il/, (In Hebrew).

Barry, thanks for the comment and GS.

I just posted a story from their web page, Saudi’s 1st Female Photojournalist “Shock and Awe”

I read your story and as always a good story.. see my comment on your post

Fake Photos Your ‘New Reality’

   Using Photoshop in my work as a visual artist, I know how far I can get to make fake pictures from the originals one. I can alter them to my own biases and idiosycrasies. The transformation can be done seamlessly. So, when I found the headline “Faked Photos Alter Real Memories” ( November 26, 2007) I was not surprised. If I transform my  drawings to achieve my own view it’s OK. But in the media case, altering photos to get premeditated reactions of the potential viewers is political misleading.

 I quote from “Faked Photos Alter Real memories“…”The original Tiananmen Square image was altered to show a crowd watching at the sidelines as a lone man stands in front of a row of tanks. The Rome anti-war protest photograph was altered to show riot police and a menacing, masked protester among the crowd of demonstrators. When answering questions about the events, the participants had differing recollections of what happened. Those who viewed the altered images of the Rome protest recalled the demonstration as violent and negative and recollected more physical confrontation and property damage than actually occurred.”…, Look at the pictures,



“It’s potentially a form of human engineering that could be applied to us against our knowledge and against our wishes, and we ought to be vigilant about it,” said UC Irvine psychologist Elizabeth Loftus, who designed the study. “With the addition of a few little upsetting and arousing elements in the Rome protest photo, people remembered this peaceful protest as being more violent than it was, and as a society we have to figure how we can regulate this.”, see here

 I quote from another reading Editor: Photos From Lebanon Can’t Be Trusted ( August 10 2006) …”In Lebanon, where Hezbollah has made widespread use of human shields, firing missiles on Israel from positions dug in next to UN observer posts and within inhabited villages, what the international press has wanted to see and has reported is evidence of Israeli war crimes. Until now, Hezbollah and photographers like Hajj have been able to ensure that they will. Everyone in the news business gets taken for a ride sooner or later. It’s an occupational hazard. What is surprising is the scale of it in Lebanon. And what is tragic about this is, as a Boston Herald photo editor noted, editors everywhere can no longer trust the pictures from Lebanon. The public cannot know what is staged and what is real. They cannot know the true scope of the devastation that Hezbollah’s aggression against Israel and its cynical tactics have brought on the Lebanese people. The con artists have shafted themselves and their own people with their cheap tricks.”… Look at the original an the manipulated photo.


(This is one of the worst use of the Photoshop cloning  tool).

From another site look at this altered photo


May 2007: In an advertisement for IMAX 3D theaters promoting the latest Harry Potter movie, the bust of actress Emma Watson was digitally enlarged. A similar advertisement in regular theaters was unaltered. Warner Brothers Pictures released a statement that said “This is not an official poster. Unfortunately this image was accidentally posted on the IMAX website. The mistake was promptly rectified and the image taken down.”, see more.

Another doctored photo from the Telegraph (UK).


…”A magazine owned by a millionaire friend of Nicolas Sarkozy doctored a photograph of the French president to remove his “love handles”, it has been claimed.”…”Paris Match, the celebrity weekly owned by the media mogul Arnaud Lagardere, was said to have applied a computer air brush to the image of Mr Sarkozy to get rid of the unsightly bulges of fat around his waist, which are known as poignées d’amour in French.”…, see more.

And finally here is a ‘Instant Tutorial’ to detect manipulated photos.

From “Computing Photographic Forgeries” (March 24 2007)…”We’ve developed a bag of tricks,” Farid says. “Every time somebody tampers with a photograph, we try to understand what they did and how to detect it.”…” A (nother) way to doctor an image is to piece together two separate photographs. For example, during the 2004 presidential campaign, an image surfaced on the Web showing John Kerry speaking with Jane Fonda at an anti-war demonstration in the 1960s, complete with an Associated Press insignia. Some veterans of the Vietnam War reacted with rage at seeing the presidential candidate sharing a stage with the controversial actress and anti-war activist. But the picture, it turned out, was a fake. “Even after it was determined that it was a fake, people were still talking about Kerry at a war rally,” says Farid. “The power of the images stays with us.”

Fonda Kerry

…”Each latest version of Photoshop has new tools that allow for better forgeries, so Farid continually needs to figure out new methods.

“This is an arms race,” Farid says. “I can already tell you how it’s going to end: We’re going to lose. It’s always going to be easier to create a forgery than detect a forgery. But we’re going to take the power to create forgeries out of the hands of amateurs. We will raise that bar up until you have to be very, very good to do it.”… see more

Dear reader, here is more on my new article “Visual Lies in Tibet the Gaza Strip and Salvador Dali”.


I published this story on NowPublic and add here the comments by  NowPublic editors and contributing members.
good stuff: korzac, an important and interesting article. All these examples speak to the fact that consumers of media must look at footage and reports as pieces of a larger picture as apposed to conclusive testament to reality. And this also reinforces the importance of making the news process public and allowing wittinesses to share their stories and footage and diversifying the reporting away from single source news organizations.
  About your point of “diversifying the reporting away from singles source news”. Journalism, pro or ‘amateurs’, willing to make more than simply quoting news, by relating news between blogs, posts, pictures, conventional magazines and journals, may discover  fresher aspects of what is brought to the media consumers by monolithic source news. Perhaps ‘non-journalist’, as many contributors to NP are, like this sort of game !   ryan thanks for the comment and flag
.Kaitlin  super-editor-copy.jpg Kaitlin   at 19:44 on November 28th, 2007
good stuff: korzac, well-researched and sourced article. Good stuff.
   Kaitlin thanks for the comment and the flag.

Thanks korzac, this is well-researched and thought-provoking.

good stuff: korzac,even more reason to trust no one -> Good stuff.
   ricknight thanks for the comment and the flag.

A Good Article.Photos have been faked since photography first began.
Matthew Brady in a way faked his photos during the American Civil War by moving the bodies of dead soldiers to different positions. In other ways he was given credit for photos he did not take himself.
Ghost photography as early as the 1800’s also featured artificially imposing images of the deceased with those alive by utilizing double exposure.The best way to tell the authenticity of a photograph is to analyze the negative. In digital photography whenever an image is altered a history of such changes is recorded within the photo program itself and image stamp. The original is the only source of proof.

I was shocked at the Tiananmen Square Photo though. It had always been a favorite of mine. Stuart Franklin the Magnum photographer who took it was at the top of my list now I must remove him.
Photos can be altered when you get low light, blurriness etc..when you have no choice but when you try to pass it as original authentic now you have issues to deal with. Anything is possible with technology to fake a photograph therefore the authenticity of a photo must be based on the integrity and honesty of the photographer.

“A photographer uses his camera to capture images. A graphic designer alters images with his computer. One is not the other and any photographer who uses his computer to alter his images is not a photographer but a fraud.” Ace Preston

   I come from the painterly medium, using acrylic paint etc, and today a heavy user of computer work to discover things I doe not  see on a canvas. So basically I am constantly altering my work burying one layer under another layer of paint or photoshop. My honesty is that the final upper layer is the one where I ‘know’ that there is nothing more to bury and I have to show it to someone. In the case of a photographer, I agree with you, that his ‘upper layer’ is the instant he capture his image. 
   Ace thanks for the comment.

I look forward to more of your stories and thanks.Barry 
   Thanks for the comments and the drawing.    Shlomo

Thanks to all the NP members adding pictures to my post.

Currently, Canadian Law disregards Digital Photos of crime scenes or anything that is presented as Queens evidence due to photo manipulation.

jordan with the histogram (in my case from photoshop CS2) of any photo you can know if a the photo has been manipulated. There is a loss of information and the pixel distribution is not continuous, it has discrete spikes. So an amateur reveal’s his manipulation; but with the Photoshop RAW plugin you my alter the photo and  changing continuously the information, there is no loss. The point remains :the changing of  visual content.
Thanks for the comment and the flag.

good stuff:  korzac, I like this story. It’s good stuff. When I learned to use photoshop I was amazed to find out how much images can be altered and I sadly realized that a virtual world or reality can be elaborated combining it with other means in order to manipulate specific needs. I work with teenagers and I constantly witness their desire to look like top models and celebrities “who really don’t look like that naturally”  and how their selfsteem is affected when they don’t achieve their goal.
   patgarcia you raise an important point: Beauty as a manipulated consumer product.  The naive natural look of a person is  remplaced by a synthetic manufactured one.Thanks for the comment and the flag.

good stuff: korzac, Thanks for bringing this to us.  What a Brave New World we are entering. 
   barbara thanks for the comment and the flag.

good stuff: This can be done with video and moving film too.  Soon when we see a world leader speaking it may be a simulacrum instead of the real person!

It’s good stuff.

   moonwolf your point is important because many of us are TV ‘ addicted..   Thanks for the comment and the flag.

I guess you have enough checkmarks but I thought I would explain the pics I added since it was 3am when I added them.The two pics I added are from the recent Georgian Protests. ThePhotoshop picture slipped out to some blogs and people posted them not
even realizing that they had posted the altered image.There are some recent videos going around that are questionable also like the dear almost hitting the motercycle rider. And don’t forget about UFO’s but that will stir up a whole other debate.  Good stuff.  Interesting and fun article.
   ifindtrends I wasn’t aware of your post..  The pics fit into the subject. Thank you for the comment..

 And before the digital photo age, fake paintings: Van Meegeren’s fake Vermeer’s here is a master forgery Christ  and the Disciples at Emmaus  by Van Meegeren ,(1937).

Van Meegeren Vermeer ‘Christ and the Disciples at Emmaus.