*Decohere from some environment…loose their quantum characteristics…
..From a conventional point of view, as a visual artist perceiving a classical world (not quantum), my occupation, as a picture maker, is simply to put things together to make art (for whatever that is)..So here below is a picture I create and named “My “complementary principle“”….. So what has Art to do with Complementary which is a quantum concept ?
Well, I will go straight to the point. The Danish physicist Bohr one of the founding fathers of quantum mechanics coined the word “complementary” meaning among others: particle and wave, (There is more to that..) Well as a fan of Science Fiction, seeking after a connection between art and quantum mechanics, I found the following text: “From Cubist Simultaneity to Quantum Complementarity by” Christophe Schinckus.
The abstract says:
“This article offers a contribution to the history of scientific ideas by proposing an epistemological argument supporting the assumption made by Miller whereby Niels Bohr has been influenced by cubism (Jean Metzinger) when he developed his non-intuitive complementarity principle. More specifically, this essay will identify the Bergsonian durée as the conceptual bridge between Metzinger and Bohr. Beyond this conceptual link between the painter and the physicist [etc…].” ...See here for the full text.
So…I the visual artist looking after a connection between me and the weird quantum mechanics… and he, Niels Bohr the prize Nobel physicist, doing the same in reverse, as by Miller’s assumption, was influenced by cubism (Jean Metzinger) when he developed his non-intuitive complementarity principle….??
Today it is common practice that some scientists are also artist and that a minority of artist are very curious about quantum mechanics’s potential to make art.. (See here) So for me it’s not an unusual coincidence…
Now, I presume that I am 95% classical (not quantum) in every day mode. I perceive science and my own art making on the same epistemic and ontological footing: they share together the same Newtonian space and time (for all practical purpose) and share Einsteins Relativity for light speed, not very practical in my atelier… but my above picture’s name point to the fact that I somehow mentioned my quantum attributes: particle (myself) + wave (myself) in my ordinary every day life..Is it factually correct? Or is it Science Fiction like the movies “Interstellar” and “Blade Runner 2049…………….
..”Small objects like electrons and atoms behave according to quantum mechanics, with quantum effects like superposition, entanglement and teleportation. One of the most intriguing questions in modern science is if large objects – like a coffee cup – could also show this behavior. Scientists at the TU Delft have taken the next step towards observing quantum effects at everyday temperatures in large objects. They created a highly reflective membrane, visible to the naked eye, that can vibrate with hardly any energy loss at room temperature. The membrane is a promising candidate to research quantum mechanics in large objects.” Read more at...
Now I am a large object like the coffee cup, so there is in me some leftovers of quantumness ..that I can not see and feel but that I can imagine in the same way Rene Magritte’s painting “This is not a pipe” or in the “My Quantum Complementarity” picture.
To resume…Remembering that the majority of artist, galleries, art schools, museums, critics, curators, art magazines, lives in the explicit classical world (non quantum), don’t raise the question of why we live in a classical world that perhaps implicitly is manufactured in the quantum world does not mean that our every day perceptions are absolute. And more to that, that new “visual concepts” on the verge of science fiction can factually be create taking into account the “implicit” back stage of the quantum weirdness.
So the whole above story, my be condensed in a few words “The Translation from the Quantum (microscopic weird world) to the Classical (our old good world)” implies that without the quantum back stage there is no old good world… and that the art world with her whole machinery artist, galleries, art schools, museums, critics, curators, art magazines, is included in and comes from the quantum….so what can a curious visual artist (me) do with that… if not make another art closer to a more fundamental “reality”. Our own good old reality being perhaps only an approximation an average (like temperature)….Its fun.
The sum over histories of my life
…..Voss-Andreae is aware, however,
that his artwork cannot be held up as
definitive, objective representation of
quantum concepts, as quantum physics,
he says, does not support objective reality
Relying on the phenomenology of
most of the objects he makes, Voss-
Andreae does not attempt to shy away
from materiality. Materiality, however,
contradicts the principle of indeterminacy
of quantum superposition. Nevertheless,
these objects can hint at the
unknown reality beyond their physical
structure. Quantum Man and Night Path
are material imaginings of a state that is
ordinarily beyond our perception. They
represent two separate theories of superposition:
one, in which superposition in
our physical world does not collapse, and
a corollary theory, where all possible positions
collapse into one outcome. Perhaps,
of the two works, Quantum Man,
because it resembles the human form,
is more successful in conveying the idea
that wave/particle superposition is part
of our extended reality
(Translated by google?!)
Yaara Zach is interested in creating split objects. In the series “Dancers” (2016), three punch bags were cut and spread like round carpets that look like dresses in motion. In the transformation of the object into a linear object, there is a dimension of assimilation or camouflage, passive defense tactics used by animals and plants for survival, but also for courtship and procreation.
The series “crutches” (2016) consists of four sculptures created especially for the exhibition “Workers’ Movement”. The sculptures are characterized by role-playing games between predator and prey, between male and female and active and passive. The physiological and psychological response of fight or flight, which is used in times of danger to the needs of evolutionary survival, is also associated with situations that arise during arousal and sexual desire.
The “Workers’ Movement” exhibition will close at the end of the month. Waiting for you during the holiday hours (http://www.uri-rami-museum.co.il/node/180)….Curator, Smadar Keren,
More Technical NOTE
…..If we think of reality as a mind-independent,
objective and knowable concept,
then features of the quantum world challenge
that reality. Physicists have called
for a reevaluation of our view of reality
to incorporate quantum features, and
visual art can assist this re-evaluation.
Although problematic and paradoxical,
in that material and metaphors from
our reality must be used in varying degrees,
the artworks of Jonathan Keats,
Julian Voss-Andreae, Antony Gormley
and Daniel Crooks all, to some extent,
provide a macroscopic translation of
superposition—a fundamental mystery
of quantum physics. In some ways these
artworks help to expand our awareness
that reality may be more than just the
seemingly objective, mind-independent
world that we perceive with our senses.
They may also provoke a radical departure
from or revision of our views of
conventional reality. At the very least,
they introduce quantum concepts to a
wider audience through translations
freed from the mathematical formalism
of quantum physics. These works are a
step toward grasping the bizarre reality
of the quantum word.
We have seen various approaches to the question of the quantum-to-classical
transition. We now want to summarize what they can offer to answer this
question and point out what they have in common or where they differ.
Let us start with the most commonly used approach, the decoherence pro-
gram. We have seen that the interaction with an uncontrollable environment
The Feynman Vocabulary
not only explains quite well, why we do not see superpositions of macroscopic
objects, but also shows that the interaction even selects a preferred (pointer)
basis. However, macroscopic superpositions are not
one could always (at least in principle) reduce the environment’s influence.
Several experiments, e.g. interference of large molecules, have shown that
we are able to control the environment better and better, maybe arriving at
a point where we are faced with a real cat paradox. In addition, the deco-
herence program is inherently quantum mechanical and therefore not able
to resolve the problem of outcomes. A further interpretation is needed to
explain why measurements have definite outcomes.
Now what can the collapse theories, presented in this work, tell us about
the quantum-to-classical transition? Although they are based on the modi-
fication of the Schr ̈odinger equation, they lead to predictions similar to de-
coherence. This is not surprising, since in both cases a macroscopic super-
position evoles into a classical mixture. In fact, the time evolution of a
system in both the decoherence and collapse theory can be described by a
masterequation of the Lindblad form. However, the two approaches differ
on a fundamental level. In the case of the decoherence program, coherence
becomes destroyed only locally (and is still existing in the larger system-
environment), whereas the collapse theory achieves a ”real” loss of coherence
on a fundamental level, i.e. independent of any interaction with some envi-
ronment. Contrary to the decoherence program, the real physical collapse
of each state vector explains why we have definite outcomes in every mea-
surement. Furthermore, the collapse theory provides a real boarder for the
observability of superpositions, i.e. superpositions are
some level. However, the mechanism provided by the collapse theories suffers
from the preferred basis problem. This means that the choice of the operator
in the additional term of the Schr ̈odinger equation determines in which basis
the collapse can be achieved. This seems to be unsatisfying. Furthermore
the modification lacks a physical motivation in general.
Anyhow, we want to emphasize that it is not a matter of taste, which
approach one prefers. We point out again that, due to the modification of
the Schr ̈odinger equation, the collapse theory is a real rival theory, concerning
standard quantum mechanics. However, since decoherence effects are found
to be much stronger in the present experimental setups, it is still impossible to
test collapse models against quantum theory. Hopefully, future experiments,
e.g. with huge molecules, will become sensitive enough, to confirm or exclude
Since the approach of coarse-grained measurements only differs conceptu-
ally from decoherence on the one hand, and is still demanding a generalization
on the other hand, we do not want to say much about it. However, in the
authors view it is an interesting idea. Especially due to the fact that the
realistic assumption of imprecise measurement apparatuses can lead to the
emergence of classicality.
Finally, we have seen that there exist a lot of explanations for the ap-
pearance of a classical world in quantum theory. However, there still exist
an important issue which we have not talked about. Even if it was possible
to explain the nonobservability of macroscopic superpositions, to answer the
question of the quantum-to-classical transition we still would have to explain
explicitly the emergence of classical physics, i.e. to show that it is possible
to derive Newton’s laws from quantum theory.
We need a new Basel congress to escape from the classical Herzl art to the quantum Herzl “art”..
Faith is a tool for the falling angels…
The new art roots are in my unmeasured environment but the Jewish visual artist is blind by definition,, change the definitions…
It is said that the Israelis and the Jews are the People of the Book, in reminiscence of the holy book known universally as the Hebrew Bible. Surprisingly the source of the name is from the Qur’an, see here. In modern Israel and the Jewish diaspora the People of the Book is an allusion to the individuals who read many books, not necessarily the Scriptures.
I am a member of the people who read a lot of books. When I buy a book my first look is at the cover. Covers of books hold for me a promise. They have the power to boost my imagination and curiosity and many times I buy a book because the cover design and art are enough to open my wallet. Not always a clever deed if the content does not fit into my expectation. My last resort to comfort myself for my foolishness is to argue that the cover by himself is worth the buy.
Anyway here below is a small carpet made from covers of books I’ve read:
Click on each cover picture to find more details about the book.
And finally ‘to be in the mood’ here is the beautiful song by Tracy Chapman “The Promise”.